Site Prepped and Planted – What’s Next?
You’ve invested in the best seedling genetics for your land. So now what?
Our forestry-educated and experienced Reforestation Advisors have made some recommendations to ensure your seedlings have the best chance for success. Remember, you will reap the rewards of superior growth and stem quality when you practice good silvicultural methods and, ultimately, a better return on your investment. Our goal is to provide you with the support you need to succeed in your reforestation. ArborGen Reforestation Advisors are with you every step of the way.
Goals for your seedlings in the first year are:
- Rapid root system establishment throughout the soil profile
- Terminal buds above the competing vegetation and animal browse line
- Quick growing seedlings (height and stem diameter) in order to be large enough to resist and withstand insects and other damaging agents such as fires, cows, deer, wind, hail, ice, snow, etc.
Top 10 Tips to Achieve Those Goals:
- Apply herbicides to control weeds – the #1 enemy in a Pine seedling’s first year. Inspect the stand in late May or early June for a new crop of weeds even if you applied herbicide in late winter or early spring.
- Ask a professional which herbicides are suitable to achieve the complete control you desire for your location and help you choose the correct application method and time.
- Inspect the planting site for emerging Pine from seeds left in place after harvesting. These are harder to control because you’ll have to direct spray a herbicide onto the volunteer Pine seedlings without getting spray onto your newly planted seedlings.
- Don’t let your seedlings become deer food. Monitor closely for signs of heavy browse on winter shrubs and vines near seedlings. Sites overpopulated with deer will browse on Pine seedlings if there is not a better food source present.
- Inspect your seedlings periodically to ensure that no pales weevil activity is present. Look for stem girdling at the soil line on seedlings that show symptoms of yellowing or wilting. Stands harvested between April 1 – June 1 and sites prepared in the year of harvest and planted the following winter can have severe pales weevil problems.
- Protect the terminal bud (the bud located at the end of a limb marking the end of that year’s growth) from tip moth larvae. The best time for treatment is at planting. Seedlings planted and treated after February 1 may not have adequate time to absorb enough chemicals to protect against the first cycle of tip moth larvae.
- Have the soil tested for phosphorous (P) by a local lab and follow their recommendations for fertilization at the time of planting.
- If you have coarse, sandy soil or if scalping is applied during or before planting, nitrogen fertilization may be required. Dormant season foliage analysis can help diagnose when nitrogen fertilization may be needed.
- Don’t let your seedlings get trampled by domestic animals such as cattle. It’s best to exclude domestic animals from your newly planted forest for the first two years. If you allow domestic animals in your new forest, keep all feed troughs and mineral supplement areas outside the newly planted area.
- Monitor seedlings throughout the summer for issues that may arise and notify your ArborGen Reforestation Advisor immediately if you see unhealthy seedlings.
Success Story: Mark Karnes
Mark Karnes, Land Manager for The Ross Foundation, has been following the genetic improvements in seedlings for years – which has led him to trust the tree improvement programs of ArborGen.
In this video, Mark speaks to these genetic improvements as being a key factor in The Ross Foundation’s choice of ArborGen seedlings and the ease of integrating ArborGen’s logistics for lifting, packing, and delivering trees into their process.
Get in touch with a Reforestation Advisor to explore your options!
Paul Jeffreys, Ph.D.
Western Tennessee, Alabama, and Mississippi
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